江苏快三彩票店里怎么买

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双石:为什么说西路军失败原因是“国焘路线”
2018-10-31 16:08:02
来源:红色文化网
作者:双石
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    ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJU1937NIAN3YUE31RI《GUANYUZHANGGUODAOTONGZHICUOWUDEJUEYI》ZHONG,DUIXILUJUNDESHIBAIZUOCHULEJIELUN:“XILUJUNXIANGGANBEIQIANJINYUXILUJUNDEYANZHONGSHIBAIDEZHUYAOYUANYIN,SHIYOUYUMEIYOUKEFUZHANGGUODAOLUXIAN。”

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    ZHEIGEZHIYISHIHENNANCHENGLIDE!LIYOURUXIA:

    QIYI,“LUXIAN”DEWENTISHIYIGEGENBENXINGGANGLINGXINGDEWENTI,QIZUOYONGTIXIANWEIDUIYOUGUANDANGSHIRENZAISIXIANGSHANGRENSHISHANGXINGDONGSHANGSUOCHANSHENGDEYINGXIANGLI,ERBUNENGJINJINSHIKANZHUDAOZHEIGE“LUXIAN”ZHESHIFOUZAIYOUGUANBUSHUWENDIANSHANGSHUMING!BIRU,ZAIZHONGYANGSUQUDIWUCIFAN“WEIJIAO”HEZHANGZHENGDEJUNSHIXINGDONGZHONG,BOGU、LIDEDOUMEIYOUZAIJUNSHIBUSHUDIANBAOSHANGSHUGUOMING——SHUMINGZHEDUOWEISHIRENZHONGGEJUNWEIZHUXI、HONGJUNZONGSILINGDEZHUDE,GENGHUANGLUNYUANZAIMOSIKEDEWANGMING,NANBUCHENGZHEIXIESHIBAIBUYINGGAIYOUZHEIXIERENZHUDAODE“LUXIAN”FUZE?FANERSHIGAIYOUGENJUBOGU、LIDEDENG“SANRENTUAN”JUECEHEZHILINGZUOCHUDEYOUGUANBUSHUWENDIANSHANGDANDUSHUMINGDEZHUZONGSILINGFUZELE?

    QIER,ZHEIGESHIQIYI“ZHUZHANG”LIANSHUDEYOUGUANBUSHUWENDIAN,ZHISHAOYOUYIBUFENSHIYOU“BEISHUMING”HUO“DAISHUMING”ZHIXIANDE,ERZHANGGUODAOZAIZHEIGEWENTISHANGSHIYOUNANYIYANGAIDE“QIANKE”DE!QISAN,QIEBUSHUOZHANGGUODAOZAIPOHUAININGXIAZHANYIHAIDAZHANYIHEHONGSIFANGMIANJUNZHULIXIDUXIJINWENTISHANGDEZHIJIEZEREN,JIUSHUOTAXIANGPIANPIDIYUTUIQUEYITAOBIMINZUGEMINGDOUZHENGDEDAFANGXIANG、BUXIANGXINJIEJILILIANGYOUBIANDONGHEZHONGZUDEKENENG、BUXIANGXINTONGYIZHANXIANYOUCHENGGONGDEKENENGDENGDENG“JIHUIZHUYISIXIANGHELUXIAN”,BUSHIJIXUDUIXILUJUNDEJUEZEHEXINGDONGFASHENGZHEZHONGYAOYINGXIANGME?CONG1935NIANXIAHONGYI、SIFANGMIANJUNHUISHIBEIJINQIJIAN,TAQITUCONGQIHAMADUHEXIJIN,DAO1936NIAN9YUEHONGER、SIFANGMIANJUNHUISHIBEIJINQIJIANTAZHIZAO“GANNANFENGBO”,QITUCONGLINXIA、XUNHUADUHEXIJIN,TAKESHIBUZHIYICIYAOBATADEYITUFUZHUSHISHIA!

    GUANYUZHEIYIDIAN,TAZAIHAIWAIZHUANXIEDEHUIYIWENZIZHONG,YESHIHAOBUHUIYANDE:

    ……SIFANGMIANJUNDETONGZHI,YEJUEDEHEXIZOULANGJIANGSHIWEILAIXIBEIKANGRIJUMIANDEJIAOTONGYAODAO,ZHENGSHIWOMENKEYIDAXIANSHENSHOUDEDIFANG,ERQIEYINCIYEBUZHIYUYIFANGMIANJUNJIZAIYIKUAI,ZAIFASHENGMOCA。

    ……

    GUANYUJIEJUEDANGNEIZHENGDUANWENTI。DUOSHU(REN)RENWEIWOCISHIBUNENGQUSHANBEI,YINGGAIJIZHONGLILIANG,XIANZHIXINGXIJINDEJUNSHIJIHUA,RANHOUZAITANDANGNEIWENTI……WOYESHUODAOGONGCHANGUOJIYIZHIDAOWOMENZANCHENGKANGRIMINZUTONGYIZHANXIANDEXINCELVE,YOUPIZHUNLEWOMENDEXIJINJIHUA.LIANGGEZHONGYANGDUILIDEXINGSHIYEYIJIECHULE,SIFANGMIANJUNRUGUONENGZAIHEXIZOULANGLIZHUJIAO,MOSIKERENGHUIZHAOYUANYIZHICHIWOMEN,BINGBUHUIJIANGWOMENSHIZUOSHIFANGONGCHANGUOJIDEFENZI。[2]

    ZAIZHANGDEGUHUOZHIXIA,ZAIMEIYOUWANQUANLINGHUIDANGZHONGYANGDEZHANLVEYITUDEQINGKUANGXIA,HONGSIFANGMIANJUNBUSHAOLINGDAORENSHIYOUYIHUOWUYISHOUDAOLEZHEIZHONGSIXIANGYINGXIANGDE。BIRUDUHESHIYUDUERBUYUZHAN,BUYUANZHIXINGDANGZHONGYANGXIANNANHOUBEIDAJINANDIDEJIHUA;DUHEJIYUXIJINERBUSHIBEIJINDENG。DUICI,SHIRENHONGSIFANGMIANJUNZONGZHIHUIDEXUXIANGQIANBENRENYEBINGMEIYOUHUIYAN,TAZAIWANNIANTANDAODANGZHONGYANGHAIMEIYOUMINGLINGZHONGZHININGXIAZHANYIJIHUADEQINGKUANGXIAZIJIDEXUANZESHICHENG:

    GUOHEHOU,ZHONGYANGJUEDINGDADINGYUANYING。WOMENDIAOCHAYIXIA,DINGYUANYINGZAIALASHANQI,SHISHAMOSHANGDELVZHOU,DIFANGNEIMEXIAO,ZHEIMEDUOBUDUIDAODINGYUANYING,CHI、ZHUDOUHENKUNNAN,WUFAJIEJUE,NEILISIMIANDOUSHISHAMO,WANGNALIZOUA!SUOYIDADINGYUANYINGSHIBUXINGDE。WONEISHISHIJIJIZHUZHANGXIJINDE。[3]

    DUHEHOUDEYIXILIEDEXIJINXINGDONG,DOUSHIXILUJUNSHOUZHANGGENJUZHEIGEYITUERSHISHIDE。DANGZHONGYANGFANFUXUNWENDONGFANSHIFOUKENENGSHI,XILUJUNSHOUZHANGYAOMESHIBUHUIDA,YAOMESHILICHENXIJINZHILI。XIANSHIBIANBAOFAHOU,DANGZHONGYANGYAOQIUXILUJUNKEFOUDONGFANSHI,TAMENTICHUDESHI“YOUTIAOJIANDONGFAN”,RENGRANJIANCHIXIJIN。

    ZHEIDOUSHIYOUDALIANGWANGLAIWENDIANWEIZHENGDE。

    SUOYI,“MEIYOUKEFUZHANGGUODAOLUXIAN”DEQUEYINGGAISHIXILUJUNFUMIEDEZHUYAOYUANYIN”:ZHANGGUODAOLUXIANDEZHUYAOSHIZHISHITAOBIDOUZHENGXUNQIUPIANANZHIJU,PINGSHOUZHONG“QIANGGANZI”DEDUOSHAOYUDANGZHONGYANGNAO“DULIXING”,ERXILUJUNCONGXIDUHUANGHEDAOZUIHOUSHIBAIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHEIZHONG“LUXIAN”DEYINGXIANGSHIZHONGSHIBUTONGCHENGDUDICUNZAIZHEDE。XIDUZHICHU,ZHIZHONGYANGSANLINGWUSHENDE“XIANNANHOUBEI”YUBUGU,ZHIXIANGDUHEBUYUANDAZHANG,SHENZHIYAOHONGSIFANGMIANJUNQUANJUNDUHE,ZHISHIHAIDAZHANYIJIHUALIUCHAN,JIHEDONGHEXIDOUZAOCHENGLEXIANGDANGBEIDONGDEJUMIAN;DUHEZHIHOU,YOUZIZIYUXIJIN,ZHIYIDULIZICHUANGJUMIAN,“QITUZAILINGYIFANGDIRENBORUODEDIQU,BAOCUNHUOZHANKAITADESHILI”,HAIXIANGZHONGYANGSUOYAODULIXINGDONGDEMINGYI,QUEDUIZHONGYANG“DONGFAN”ZHIXUNBUZUOZHIZIDAFU;“XIANSHIBIAN”HOU,“DUIDANGDETONGYIZHANXIANSHIMEIYOUSHENGLIXINXIN,DUIHEPINGJUMIANDEZHENGQUHESHIXIANSHIBEIGUANDI”,BUYUANYICANYUTAMENRENWEI“BAIBEIXINGDADEJULIEZHANDOU”,“SUANDINGDONGDUDEXISHENGBIDAYUJIXUXIJINDEXISHENG”[4],DUIZHONGYANG“DONGFAN”ZHIYIYUSHENANYIQIJIZHITIAOJIANERRENGRANZHIYIXIJIN,DAIDAOFAXIANXIJINKUNNANSHIYOUJIANGZERENGUIJIUYUZHONGYANG,ERZHONGYANGZAIDUZHISHIXILUJUNDONGFANBINGJIYU“XINGDONGFANGXIANGZIJUE”ZHIQUANHOU,QUEYOUYOUYIPAIHUAIQIQIUYUWAILIXIANGZHU,ZHIZHIQUANJUNFUMEIZHISHIRENGRANZIZIYUSI……

    ZHEIBUDOUYOU“GUODAOLUXIAN”DEYINGZIME?

    GENGHEKUANG,ZAOZAIXILUJUNDUHEXIJINZHICHU,“ZHANGZHUXI”KESHIMINGMINGBAIBAIYAOTAMEN“DULIDIBUSHOUYIQIEQIANZHI”KAICHUANGGANBEIXINJUMIANLAIZHE,ZAILIANXIDAOTAMENCIHOUBUGUANBUGUZHIYIXIJIN,DUIZHONGYANGDEZHENGXUNHEZHISHILVLVZUOCHUXUANZEXINGDEQUSHE,NENGSHUOSHIMEIYOU“GUODAOLUXIAN”DEYINGXIANGME?KEGUANERYAN,RUGUOZHENZHENGKEFULE“GUODAOLUXIAN”DEYINGXIANG,SUIRANXIJIN“DATONGGUOJI”DEXINGDONGRENGRANYOUKENENGNANYICHENGGONG,DANYEYOUKENENGHUIHUODE“ZHINANERTUI”DEJIHUI,QUANJUNJINMEIDEJIEJUHAISHIYOUKENENGBIMIAN,ZHONGYAODEJIGANLILIANGYEHUOYOUDEYIXINGCUNDEJIHUI!GUHUOXILUJUNLINGDAOCENGZOUSHANGZHEITIAO“DULIBUSHOUYIQIEQIANZHI”ZHILU,ZHANGGUODAOBENRENDEZHIJIEZEREN,YEZAISUONANTAO!

    ER、DANGZHONGYANGJUEYIZHONGWEISHENMEBUSHUO“ZHIXINGZHANGGUODAOLUXIAN”?

    BIZHERENWEI,DANGZHONGYANGJUEYIZHONG“MEIYOUKEFUZHANGGUODAOLUXIAN”SHIYIZHONGFEICHANGJINSHENHEJIEZHIDEBIAOSHU。

    LIYOURUXIA:

    (YI)XILUJUNDUHENAIZHIDUHEHOUDEXINGDONG,DEQUEYOUDANGZHONGYANGJIYUJICHENGSHISHINAIZHIXILUJUNZIQINGRENWUHOUDERENKEHEPIZHUN,JIANDANDISHUOCHENGSHI“ZHIXINGZHANGGUODAOLUXIAN”DEQUEBUTUO。

    (ER)YAOWEIHUDANGHEHONGJUNDETUANJIE,ZHENGQUHONGSIFANGMIANJUNGUANGDAGANBUZHANSHI,JINZUIDAKENENGSUOXIAODANGNEIDOUZHENGDEBOJIFANWEI,BAOHUZAIZHEIGEWENTISHANGYOUGUOCUOWUDEDADUOSHUTONGZHI。

    JIHUORUCI,RENGRANYOURENNAZHE“XILUJUNHUANGHEYIXIDESHIBAISHIZHANGGUODAOLUXIANDEZUIHOUDEPOCHAN”LAIFANAN。

    JIANGUOHOUSHOURU《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DIYIJUANZHONGDE《ZHONGGUOGEMINGZHANZHENGDEZHANLVEWENTI》(1936NIAN12YUE)YIWENZHONGYOUZHEIYANGYIJUHUA:“WEIDIRENHEDAODEJIDUANDELIZI,SHITUIQUEZHUYIDE‘ZHANGGUODAOLUXIAN’。HONGJUNDISIFANGMIANJUNDEXILUJUNZAIHUANGHEYIXIDESHIBAI,SHIZHEIGELUXIANDEZUIHOUDEPOCHAN[4]”,ZHEIPIANWENZHANGYUANBENSHIMAOZEDONG1936NIAN12YUEKAISHIZAIHONGJUNDAXUEDEYANJIANGGAO,ERGUANYUXILUJUNDEZHEIJUHUAYINGGAISHIZAIXILUJUNSHIBAIQINGSUAN“GUODAOLUXIAN”SHIZENGJIAJINQUDE——YINWEI1936NIAN12YUEXILUJUNHAIMEIYOUSHIBAI,ERMAOZEDONGZAIHONGJUNDAXUEDEJIUZHEIGEKETIDEYANJIANGYEYOUDUOCI,ZHIDAO1937NIAN5YUECAIZUIHOUDINGGAO。

    SUIZHE《LISHIDEHUIGU》TUIFANLECHENCHANGHAODANGNIANDEFANSIYUZONGJIE,MAOZEDONGDEZHEIJUHUAYEZUOWEI“BUSHIZHICI”ZAODAOLEFEIYI。DANBIZHERENWEI,ZHEIJUHUASHIJIYUYIXIAJIBENSHISHIDAOCHUDE,SHIBURONGZHIYIDE:

    JIBENSHISHIYI:ZHANGGUODAOYUJIE“DATONGGUOJI”DERENWURANGHONGSIFANGMIANJUNXIJINHEXIZOULANGLINGCHUANGJUMIAN,YIYUZHONGYANGFENTINGKANGLI,ZHEISHIZHANGGUODAOLIUWANGGUOWAIHOUYEWANZHUANCHENGRENLEDESHISHI!

    JIBENSHISHIER:HONGSIFANGMIANJUNLINGDAORENZAIZHIXING“NINGXIAZHANYIJIHUA”ZHISHI,WEIBEIZHONGYANG“XIANNANHOUBEI”YITU,YUDUERBUYUZHAN,YIXIANZHANHOUZOUDEFANGSHIJIANGHONGSIFANGMIANJUNSANGEJUNXIDUHUANGHE,SHENZHIHAIYAORANGHONGSIFANGMIANJUNQUANJUNXIDU,POHUAILEZHONGGONGZHONGYANG“DAJINANDI”DEJIHUA,DAOZHILEHONGSIFANGMIANJUNXIDUBUDUIYUHEDONGZHULIBEIDIRENGEDUAN,NINGXIAZHANYIBINLINLIUCHAN,HEDONGZHULIBEIPODONGYI,HONGSIFANGMIANJUNXIDUBUDUIZEXIANYUJINTUISHIJUDEBEIDONGJUMIAN,YESHISHISHI!

    JIBENSHISHISAN:ZHANGGUODAOWEIBEIZIJITONGYIGUODEHAIDAZHANYIBUSHU,SHANDIAOHONGSIFANGMIANJUNHEDONGBUDUICHELIZHANCHANG,ZHISHIHAIDAZHANYILIUCHAN,ZAOCHENGHEDONGHEXIHONGJUNBEIDONGTAISHIJINYIBUJIAJU,YESHISHISHI!

    JIBENSHISHISI:ZHANGGUODAOZAIHONGSIFANGMIANJUNZHUYAOJIANGLINGSHANGWEIDEZHIGONGCHANGUOJIGAIBIANYUANZHUDIDIAN,BINGQIEZHONGYANGSHANGWEIMINGLINGZHONGZHININGXIAZHANYIZHISHI,LINGHONGSIFANGMIANJUNXIDUBUDUIJIANGXINGDONGFANGXIANGZUOXUAN90DU,YAOTAMENYI“BUSHOUYIQIEQIANZHIDULI”DI“KAIZHANXINJUMIAN”,YESHISHISHI!

    JIBENSHISHIWU:XILUJUNXIJINHOUZHANGGUODAOHEXILUJUNSHOUZHANGXIANSHIXINXINMANMAN,ERBEIDIMAOBINGWENJUNXIDUZHUIWEIHOUQUEDAWEIJINZHANG,RENWEIXILUJUN“TAIGULI”,YUZHITAMENZIJIJITIANQIANHAIDABAOPIAOYAOJIANLIDEGENJUDIYUBUGU,HAISHISHISHI!

    ZHENGSHIJIYUSHANGSHUJIBENSHISHI,WOMENYOULIYOUSHEWEN:BUBA“ERMA”FANGZAIYANLI,QUEZONGXIANGBIKAIGUOMINDANGZHONGYANGJUNYIXUNQIUPIANANZHISUO,BUYAOGENJUDI,GUZHUYIZHIYILAI“YUANFANGYUANZHU”,ZHEISUANBUSUANSHI“BEIDIRENHEDAO”DE“TUIQUEZHUYI”?XILUJUNZAIHEXIZOULANGSHIBAIHOU,SHIBUSHIZAISHISHISHANGSHIZHANGGUODAOSHIQULEJIXUTUIXING“GUODAOLUXIAN”DEZUIHOUJIHUI?

    YOULISHIDANGSHIRENCHENG:“XIANSHIBIANKAISHIJIEJUE,NEIZHANFENGYUNRENGSHENXIAOZHANG,ZHONGYANGCENGDIANXILUJUNLINGTINGZHIDAIMING,JILINGDONGJIN。XUCHENRENWEIDONGJINBUHAO,XIANGZHONGYANGQINGQIUJIXUXIJIN,ZHONGYANGXUKELE。GAOTAISHIBIANYIHOU,DIEXIANGZHONGYANGGAOJI,ZHONGYANGFULINGDONGJIN,BIHUIZHIXIDONGBAO,YOUBEIZUYUDI,ZUIHOUZHONGYANGZHISHIHUODONGHUOXIJUNKE——YIQIEZHONGYANGDEZHISHI,BINGMEIYOUXIANZHIXILUJUNDEJIDUANZHUANXING,QIESHIQIANDOUZHENGQIULEXUCHENDETONGYI。”[6]

    YOURENRENWEI,ZHEIGE“LUXIANPOCHAN”DEJIELUN,SHIXILUJUNGUANGDAJIANGSHISHOULESHANGHAI,MENGLEYUANSHOULEQU。NEIMEWOMENKEBUKEYIFANWENYIJU,ZUNYIHUIYISHANGTONGGUODE《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGGUANYUFANDUIDIRENWUCI“WEIJIAO”DEZONGJIEDEJUEYI》ZHONG,BUSHIYEYOU“……JIHUIZHUYIZHANLVEZHANSHUDELILUNYUSHIJI,ZAIDIWUCIZHANZHENGZHONGSHIWANQUANPOCHANLE[7]”DEJIELUNME?ZHEISHIBUSHIJIURANGZHONGYANGHONGJUNQUANTIHONGSEZHANSHIMENDOUMENGLEYUANSHOULEQULI?ZHEIYANGDELUOJI,SHUODETONGME?

    SAN、HONGXILUJUNDEXINGXIANGCONGLAIDOUSHIZHENGMIANDE

    ZUIHOUXUYAOSHUOMINGDESHI,XINZHONGGUODEJIANGUOYILAICHUBANDEGEMINGHUIYILUZHONG,HONGXILUJUNCONGLAIDOUSHI“ZHENGMIANXINGXIANG”:1957NIANYIHOU,DAXINGGEMINGHUIYILUCONGSHU《XINGHUOLIAOYUAN》HE《HONGQIPIAOPIAO》CHUBANFAXING。QIZHONG《XINGHUOLIAOYUAN》DI3JIWEIZHANGZHENGZHUANJI,SHOURUHONGJUNLAOZHANSHIYOUGUANZHANGZHENGDEHUIYIWENZI72PIAN,QIZHONG6PIANWEIXILUJUNJIANGSHISUOZHUAN,ZHEI6PIANHUIYIWENZIFENBIEWEI——

    CHENGSHICAI(ZHONGJIANG):《XUEZHANHEXIZOULANG》

    QINJIWEI(ZHONGJIANG):《KUZHANLINZE》

    ZHOUCHUNLIN(SHAOJIANG):《ZUIHOUJIPIZHANMA》

    LITIANHUAN(ZHONGJIANG):《ZOUCHUQILIANSHAN》

    DAIKELIN(DAXIAO,HOUJINWEISHAOJIANG):《HUIDAODANGDEHUAIBAO》

    CHENGSHICAI(ZHONGJIANG):《LISHIDEJIELUN》

    TONGSHIQIDE《HONGQIPIAOPIAO》DI3JI(1957NIAN7YUECHUBAN)GONGSHOURUGUANYUTUDIGEMINGZHANZHENGHEKANGRIZHANZHENGDEHUIYIWENZI42PIAN,QIZHONG3PIANWEIXILUJUNJIANGSHISUOZHUAN——

    QINJIWEI(ZHONGJIANG):《KUZHANLINZE》

    LITIANHUAN(ZHONGJIANG):《XIANRUJUEJINGYIHOU》

    XIAOYONGYIN(SHAOJIANG):《CONGQILIANSHANDAOLONGDONG》

    1959NIAN1YUE,《HONGQIPIAOPIAO》DI10JICHUBAN,YUANHONGSANSHIJUNZHENGZHIBUZHURENLITIANHUANZHONGJIANGDEHUIYIWENZHANG《QIZHUANGSHANHE——HONGXILUJUNYUANZHENGJI》BEIKANYONG,GAIWENBIANZHEANZHEIYANGXIEDAO:

    ZAIZHANGGUODAOYOUQINGJIHUIZHUYILUXIANDEZHIDAOXIA,XILUJUNMENGSHOULEZHONGDADESUNSHI。DANSHI,XILUJUNDEGONGCHANDANGYUANHEGUANGDAZHIZHANYUAN,SHIZHONGSHIGANGEMINGSHIYEDE,TAMENLIJINNANYIXIANGXIANGDEQIANXINWANKU,TONGCANBAODEDIRENJINXINGLEYINGYONGWANQIANGDEYUXUEKUZHAN,CHUANGZAOLEWUSHUKEGEKEQIDEGEMINGYINGXIONGSHIJI。ZHENGDANGXILUJUNBINLINJUEJINGZHIJI,TAMENSHOUDAOLEYIMAOZHUXIWEISHOUDEDANGZHONGYANGDEDIANBAO,ZAIDANGZHONGYANGHEMAOZHUXIDENAIXINJIAOYUXIA,XUNSUDIHUIDAOLEDANGZHONGYANGZHENGQUEDELINGDAOZHIXIA,BINGZAIHOULAIDEDOUZHENGZHONGQILEGUANGRONGDEZUOYONG。”

    LITIANHUANTONGZHIDE“QIZHUANGSHANHE”,XIEDEJIUSHI1936DAO1937NIANJIAN,XILUJUNYUANZHENGXINJIANGNEIXIEJILIRENXINDEYINGXIONGGUSHI。[8]

    QISHI,ZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUZAOZAIXILUJUNSHIBAIJINJIN14TIANHOUJIUYOUYANZAIXIAN:

    ZHONGYANGDUIYUZAIGUODAOTONGZHILINGDAOXIADESIFANGMIANJUNDEGANBUDEJIANKUFENDOU,BUPAXISHENG,BUWEIXIANZU,YINGYONGKUZHAN,XIANSHENYUSUWEIAISHIYEDEZHONGCHENG,BIAOSHISHENQIEDEJINGYI。DUIYUSIFANGMIANJUNDEGANBUZAIZHONGYANGZHIJIELINGDAOZHIXIASUOHUODEDEJIDAJINBUYUDUIZHANGGUODAOLUXIANDEZHENGQUERENSHI,BIAOSHIJIDAXINWEI。GUOQUHONGSIFANGMIANJUNSUOFANDECUOWU,YINGGAIYOUZHANGGUODAOTONGZHIFUZUIZHUYAODEZEREN。YIQIEBAFANDUIZHANGGUODAOZHUYIDEDOUZHENGGUYIJIESHIWEIFANDUISIFANGMIANJUNQUANTIGANBUDEDOUZHENG,BASIFANGMIANJUNDEGANBUTONGZHONGYANGDUILIDEQITUYUYINMOU,YINGGAISHOUDAOYANZHONGDEDAJI。SIFANGMIANJUNDEGANBUSHIZHONGYANGDEGANBU,BUSHIZHANGGUODAOGERENDEGANBU。[9]

    1942NIAN7YUE2RI,ZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUHUIYIYOUZHUANMENFACHULE《ZHONGYANGGUANYUDUIDAIYUANSIFANGMIANJUNGANBUTAIDUWENTIDEZHISHI》:

    (YI)YUANSIFANGMIANJUNGANBUJUEDADUOSHUDOUSHIGONGNONGCHUSHEN,YOUXIACENGGONGZUOJIANCITISHENGSHANGLAIDE。TAMENZAIGUONEIZHANZHENGZHONGBIAOSHILEDUIGEMINGDUIDANGDEJIANDINGYUZHONGCHENG,ZAIKEFUGUODAOLUXIANZHIHOU,YOUYIZHIYONGHUDANGZHONGYANG,ZAIMINZUZHANZHENGZHONGYEBIAOSHILETAMENDEYINGYONGYUZHONGCHENG,ZHIYOUJISHAOSHUJIGEGANBUTOUJIANGLEDIREN,DANZHEISHIBUZUWEIQIDE,YUANYIERFANGMIANJUNGANBUZHONG,YIYOUJISHAOSHUFENZITOUDI。

    (ER)YUANSIFANGMIANJUNGANBU,ZAIGUODAOLUXIANTONGZHISHIJISHIFUCONGYUZHIXINGLEGUODAOLUXIAN。DANBIXUQUBIEGUODAOLUXIANDEDANCHUNZHUISUIZHEYUJIJIBANGSHOUZHIJIANDEFENBIE。ZHIYOUJIGEREN,DUIGUODAOLUXIANDEFAZHANSHIQILEJIJIBANGSHOUDEZUOYONG。YADAODEDADUOSHUYOUYUWENHUAZHENGZHISHUIPINGGUANXI,YOUYUGUODAODEYUMINZHENGCEHEYAPOWEIXIEZHENGCE,YOUYUJUNDUIDEJIZHONGYUANZEDENGDENGYUANYIN,YINERFUCONGHEZHIXINGLEGUODAOLUXIAN。KANGZHANWUNIANLAIDESHIJIAN,KAOYANLEYUANSIFANGMIANJUNGANBUZAIBENZHISHANGSHICHENGSHIDE,JIANJUEDE,ZHENGMINGLEYIJIUSANQINIANFANDUIGUODAOLUXIANSHIZHONGYANGSUOZUODEJIELUNSHIWANQUANZHENGQUEDE。ZHEILISUOZHIQIJIJIBANGSHOUZUOYONGDEJIGERENZHONG,BINGBUBAOKUOXUXIANGQIAN、LIXIANNIANDENGTONGZHIZAINEI,TAMENZAIGUODAOLUXIANSHIQI,BINGWEIQIGUOCIZHONGZUOYONG。JIUSHIDUIGUODAOLUXIANQIGUOJIJIBANGSHOUZUOYONGDEJIGETONGZHI,ZHONGYANGDEZHENGCEYISHIZHENGQUJIAOYU,SHITAMENJUEWUZHUANBIAN,ERBUSHIPAOQITAMEN,ZHEIYIZHENGCEYEYIJINGSHOUDAOLEXIAOGUO。

    (SAN)DUIYUANSIFANGMIANJUNDEGANBUDEXINRENYUGONGZUOFENPEI,YINGDANGHEQITAGANBUYISHITONGREN,BUNENGYINWEITAMENGUOQUZHIXINGGUOGUODAOLUXIANERYOUSUOQISHI,YINGDANGGENJUZHEIXIEGANBUMEIGERENDEDE(DUIDANGDEZHONGSHI),CAI(GONGZUONENGLI),ZI(ZIWANG),FENPEITAMENYISHIDANGDEGONGZUO,FANYUANYOUGONGZUOBUSHIDANGZHE,YINGGAISHEFAGAIBIANZHI。YOUQIZHONGYAODE,SHIBANGZHUTAMENTIGAOWENHUADE、ZHENGZHIDE、JUNSHIDESHUIPING。

    (SI)DUIYUANSIFANGMIANJUNGANBU,RUGUOZAIXIANZAIGONGZUOZHONGYOUCHENGJI,ZEYINGDANGBIAOYANG。RUGUOFANYOUCUOWU(RENHEGANBUDOUYOUFANCUOWUKENENG),ZEYINGDANGJIUQICUOWUDEXINGZHIYUCHENGDU,JIAYIZHICHU,BINGBANGZHUJIUZHENG。JIANCUOWUBUZHICHU,HUOKUADACUOWU,DOUSHIBUDUIDE。YINGDANGYOUXIANGHUJIANDETANBAICHENGKENDEGUANXI,RENHEGEHELENGDANQISHIDETAIDU,DOUSHIBUYINGDANGCUNZAIDE。HAIYOUYIDIANYAOZHUYIDE,SHIDANGYUANSIFANGMIANJUNGANBUFANYOUCUOWUSHI,JUEBUKEQINGYIJIASHANG“GUODAOLUXIANDEJIXU”,“GUODAOLUXIANDECANYU”DENGDENGDAMAOZI,YINWEIZHEIBUHESHISHI,SHIDUIGANBUDETUANJIEJIDUANYOUHAIDE,ZHEISHIJISHANGSHIBANGZHUDIRENLAITIAOBOWOMENDENEIBUGUANXI。

    (WU)YUANSIFANGMIANJUNGANBUYINGDANGJIXUXIANGXINZHONGYANGHEJUNWEIGANBUZHENGCEDEZHENGQUE,FANGDANZUOSHI,BUYAOWEISHOUWEIWEI。FANDUIGONGZUOYOUYIJIANSHI,YINGTANBAIDEZHILVDESUISHIXIANGDANGDIJUNZHENGDANGLINGDAOZHETICHU。YOUQIZHONGYAODE,SHIJIAJINZIJIWENHUA、ZHENGZHI、JUNSHIDEXUEXI,TIGAOZIJIDEDANGDERENSHIJIGONGZUONENGLI。

    (LIU)SHINIANNEIZHAN,WUNIANKANGZHAN,YIJINGZHENGMINGWOMENJUNDUIGANBUJIQITAGANBU,CHUGEBIEFENZIWAI,BUGUANTAMENLAILIRUHE,SHITUANJIEDE,SHIYIZHIDE。XIANDANGKANGZHANRIYIKUNNAN,RIKOUJIGUONEIFANDONGFENZIZHENGXIANGLIYONGYIQIEFANGFALAITIAOBOWODANGGANBUDENEIBUGUANXI,WOMENGENGYINGTUANJIEYIZHI,XIAOCHUYIQIEYINGUOQULISHIGUANXI,LAILIGUANXI,DIYUGUANXIERCHANSHENGDERENHEWEIXIAODEGEHE。

    (QI)GEDIJIEDAOCIZHISHIHOU,YINGZAIGEJIGANBUHUIYISHANGBAOGAOBINGTAOLUNZHI。

    ZHONGGONGZHONGYANG

    YIJIUSIERNIANQIYUEERRI

    ZAIZUGUODALUJIJIANGQUANBUJIEFANGDE1949NIAN12YUE4RI,MAOZEDONGHAIZAIZHONGYANGJUNWEIDIERCIGONGZUOHUIYIJIYAOSHANGPISHIDAO:

    RONGZHENTONGZHIBINGGAOLITAO:

    PEIBEIRENYUANSHIZHUYIJINKENENGTIBAYUANSIFANGMIANJUNGANBU。CIDIANWUXUZHUYI。

    MAOZEDONG

    十二月四日[11]

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